Shanghai by the numbers: China’s Covid lockdowns

China's newest wave of Covid restrictions has compelled tens of millions of individuals — roughly thrice as many as dwell in New York City — to remain house and bear mass virus testing in the metropolis of Shanghai.

As Covid instances started to spike in late February, Shanghai tried to regulate the outbreak with focused, neighborhood lockdowns. But the metropolis, a middle for world transport, manufacturing, finance and commerce, determined in late March to implement a two-stage lockdown that quickly utilized to all districts, typically forcing individuals to not depart their flats.

Most individuals exterior China know that Shanghai is massive, however few notice simply how massive economically. The following numbers point out the scale of Shanghai as an financial middle — and should trace at the price of the lockdown.


Shanghai's official everlasting resident inhabitants in 2020 was 24.9 million.

  • That's barely lower than Australia's inhabitants of 25.7 million, per the World Bank.
  • But it's just one.8% of China's 1.41 billion individuals.

In phrases of U.S. states, Shanghai is between the measurement of Florida (pop. 21.8 million) and Texas (pop. 29.5 million).

In phrases of U.S. cities, Shanghai is thrice the measurement of New York City (pop. 8.3 million) — the largest metropolis in the United States.

That means the 280,120 Covid contacts Shanghai has reported as of Thursday for the newest outbreak signify just one.1% of the metropolis's inhabitants.


Shanghai's GDP grew by 8.1% in 2021 to 4.32 trillion yuan ($680.31 billion).

  • That GDP is barely greater than Sweden's ($660.92 billion) and fewer than Poland ($720.35 billion), in accordance with the IMF.
  • But Shanghai's GDP was solely 3.8% of China's nationwide GDP of 114.37 trillion yuan in 2021, in accordance with official figures.

Global commerce middle

Shanghai sits at the mouth of the Yangtze River, one in all the two principal rivers in China.

According to Bernstein:

  • Shanghai is house to the world's busiest port, adopted by Singapore.
  • Shanghai's Pudong airport is the world's third-busiest cargo airport, behind Memphis, Tennessee, and Hong Kong.

In all, Shanghai accounted for 7.3% of China's exports and 14.4% of imports in 2021, in accordance with Citi.

Manufacturing and company middle

According to Citi, Shanghai is China's:

  • Most vital semiconductor manufacturing middle, house to SMIC, Hua Hong and Universal Scientific Industrial.
  • Home to many vehicle producers: SAIC Motor, SAIC's joint firms with Volkswagen and GM, Nio, Tesla and Ford.
  • Headquarters or a serious middle for multinational firms' China operations: Apple, L'Oreal, Samsung Electronics, P&G, L'Oreal, LVMH, Nike, Panasonic, Philips, Johnson & Johnson and General Electric, amongst others.
  • Base for ship producers: Jiangnan , Zhonghua and Waigaoqiao shipbuilding.


The Shanghai Stock Exchange is the world's third-largest by market capitalization, behind the New York Stock Exchange and the Nasdaq as of the finish of 2020, in accordance with World Federation of Exchanges information cited by the alternate.

U.S. mutual fund big Vanguard introduced in 2020 a plan to maneuver its Asia headquarters to Shanghai from Hong Kong.

Fidelity's China finance enterprise is predicated in Shanghai, as is American billionaire Ray Dalio's Bridgewater China operations.

Consumer hub

In Shanghai, official figures for 2021 present:

  • Average disposable earnings of 78,027 yuan ($12,288) — greater than double the nationwide common of 35,128 yuan ($5,531).
  • Average shopper spending of 48,879 yuan — additionally double the nationwide common of 24,100 yuan.

U.S. wholesale chain Costco selected Shanghai for its first mainland China retailer in 2019.

And as of final 12 months, Shanghai was house to the most espresso retailers in the nation, with almost 3 retailers per 10,000 individuals, versus a ratio of about 2 for Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Beijing, in accordance with Meituan.

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Shanghai is house to 3 of the high 20 universities in China, in accordance with U.S. News and World Report.

The variety of foreigners residing in Shanghai fell to 163,954 individuals in 2020, down by 21% versus a decade earlier, in accordance with official censuses. The southern province of Guangdong is now house to the most foreigners in China, at greater than 400,000.

The total variety of foreigners in the nation rose throughout these 10 years by about 40% to 1.4 million individuals — or about 0.1% of China's inhabitants.

based mostly on web site supplies

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